Murat Cirit

Director of Translational Center of Tissue Chip Technologies

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

Paper presenting: Translational applications of microphysiological systems

Murat Cirit, PhD, is a Research Scientist at MIT & director of the Translational Systems Pharmacology Team. Murat completed his PhD at NCSU focusing on systems biology of growth factor-mediated signal transduction pathways. After completion of his PhD, he worked in the pharmaceutical industry focusing on preclinical drug discovery for oncology. He brings an interdisciplinary and systematic approach through his extensive experimental knowledge and computational modeling with an understanding of biological, physiological, and physical processes. His main research experience is systems pharmacology, systems biology, applied tissue engineering, cell biology and signal transduction networks. His current focus as the scientific lead is integrating various scientific fields to build interacting MPSs by interfacing platform engineering & tissue engineering for pharmacology studies.

Translational applications of microphysiological systems

Abstract: A large percentage of drug candidates fail at the clinical trial stage due to a lack of efficacy and unacceptable toxicity, primarily because the in vitro cell culture models and in vivo animal models commonly used in preclinical studies provide limited information about how a drug will affect human physiology. The need for more physiologically relevant in vitro systems for preclinical efficacy and toxicity testing has led to a major effort to develop “Microphysiological Systems (MPS)”, aka tissue chips (TC), based on engineered human tissue constructs. Translational Center of Tissue Translational Center of Tissue Chip Technologies (TC2T) has been established to bridge between academic research and development and industrial application of MPS technologies via providing unbiased testing and validation of MPS technologies. TC2T takes a holistic and mechanistic approach—based on quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP)— to achieve unbiased characterization of these complex systems and translation of experimental insights to clinical outcomes. Our team at MIT includes tissue engineers, experimentalists, and computational biologists and serves as the core of the testing center to identify adverse effects of pharmaceutical compounds and environmental toxin on human organs.

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